Club Alpha

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  • 2018.11.9
  • Essay
  • 中&上級

Time to believe

信じるべき時

信じるべき時© Getty Images

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In summer, the British newspaper The Guardian asked readers whether they had experienced street harassment and to send details of it. I didn’t think I had that many experiences, but as I thought about it, memory after vivid memory came back. Not just my experiences, but my friends’ too.

My first experiences of harassment were in Japan. When I was a highschool exchange student, some of the other exchange students got flashed at on the way to school. Another was followed home one day and had to defend herself. She injured her hand.

On a trip after school to Osaka’s Denden Electronics Town, men leered at us and one purposely bumped a friend with his protruding belly.

As an adult in Japan, I was walking home one night when some guys in a car aggressively yelled something at me from across a road. I couldn’t hear them clearly, but the looks on their faces said everything I needed to know, and I ran home as fast as I could.

In New Zealand, my harassment experiences began with guys in cars thinking I couldn’t speak English and greeting me with “Konnichiwa” while I waited to cross the road. I ignored them and felt uncomfortable and worried that I was being rude – after all, they were just trying to be friendly, right?

Then there was the time some guys were having a party on their front lawn. When we ignored their loutish invites, they decided to throw bottles so that they smashed near us. Should we have felt complimented that they wanted us to join them?

In London, I saw and was the target of catcalling at all times of the day, directed at all kinds of women. In Phuket, Thailand, I had to endure kissing sounds from complete strangers as I tried to walk around taking photos.

A visit to the Australian island of Tasmania with a female friend was the worst. Again, guys in cars kept driving past and yelling at us as we walked. This happened so much that we wanted to just stay indoors on our holiday.

These are not pleasant experiences to relive. So it pained me to see a woman get torn to pieces when she testified in the U.S. Senate about her alleged assault by then Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh when they were both high school students. As with many accused men, he said he should be presumed innocent until proven guilty. Yet women who talk about harassment and abuse are immediately judged to be lying. Anyone who accuses someone of this – as Christine Blasey Ford did – does so at incredible cost.

When I share my experiences, people sometimes say, “I can’t believe that!” But I think it’s time that we balance giving the accused the benefit of the doubt with giving victims the benefit of our belief.

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

vivid
(形)鮮明な、強烈な
◆vivid color(鮮明な色)
◆My dream was so vivid that I thought it actually happened.
(夢があまりに鮮明だったので実際に起こったのかと思った)
☞vividly(副)鮮やかに、生き生きと

purposely
(副)わざと、故意に
◆The child was purposely screaming to get her parents’ attention.
(その子供は両親の注意を引くためにわざと叫んでいた)
☞purpose(名)目的、意図 (動)意図する

aggressively
(副)攻撃的に、積極的に
◆Many store clerks were aggressively promoting their products during the sale.
(セール期間中は多くの店員が積極的に商品を売り込んでいた)
☞aggressive(形)攻撃的な、積極的な

ignore
(動)~を無視する
◆I asked Tom a question, but he ignored it and changed the topic.
(私はトムに質問したが、彼はそれを無視して話題を変えた)
☞ignorance(名)無知、無学
☞ignorable(形)無視できる

loutish
(形)無礼な、粗野な
◆The loutish behavior of the drunk man sitting next to me at the pub was annoying.
(パブで私の隣に座っていた酔った男の無礼なふるまいは迷惑だった)

endure
(動)~を我慢する、~に耐える
◆The meeting was long and boring, but somehow I was able to endure it.
(会議は長くて退屈だったが、何とか耐えることができた)
☞endurance(名)忍耐、我慢、耐久性
☞endurable(形)耐えられる、我慢できる

pain
(動)~を悲しませる、~に苦痛を与える
(名)痛み、苦痛
◆Anita was deeply pained by the loss of her pet bird.
(アニータはペットの鳥を亡くしたことを深く悲しんだ)
☞painful(形)痛い、つらい、骨の折れる

presume
(動)~とみなす、~と推定する
◆I called your phone but you didn’t answer, so I presumed that you were busy.
(君に電話をしたけど出なかったから、忙しいんだと思ったよ)
☞presumable(形)推定できる、ありそうな

benefit
(名)利益、恩恵
(動)~のためになる、利益を得る
◆benefit of the doubt(疑わしきは罰せず)
◆There are many benefits to having a driver’s license even if you don’t own a car.
(たとえ車を持っていなくても、運転免許を持つメリットはたくさんある)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. Where were the writer's first experiences of harassment?

  • A) Japan.
  • B) New Zealand.
  • C) London.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Japan.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. I didn’t think I had that many experiences, but as I thought about it, memory after ( ) memory came back.

  • A) voluntary
  • B) value
  • C) vivid

正解を見る

正解は、C
vivid

Q2. On a trip after school to Osaka’s Denden Electronics Town, men leered at us and one ( ) bumped a friend with his protruding belly.

  • A) particular
  • B) pardoned
  • C) purposely

正解を見る

正解は、C
purposely

Q3. As an adult in Japan, I was walking home one night when some guys in a car ( ) yelled something at me from across a road.

  • A) affluently
  • B) aggressively
  • C) anger

正解を見る

正解は、B
aggressively

Q4. I ( ) them and felt uncomfortable and worried that I was being rude - after all, they were just trying to be friendly, right?

  • A) ignored
  • B) trust
  • C) replied

正解を見る

正解は、A
ignored

Q5. When we ignored their ( ) invites, they decided to throw bottles so that they smashed near us.

  • A) loutish
  • B) love
  • C) rudely

正解を見る

正解は、A
loutish

Q6. In Phuket, Thailand, I had to ( ) kissing sounds from complete strangers as I tried to walk around taking photos.

  • A) listen
  • B) endure
  • C) refused

正解を見る

正解は、B
endure

Q7. So it ( ) me to see a woman get torn to pieces when she testified in the U.S. Senate about her alleged assault by then Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh when they were both high school students.

  • A) pained
  • B) hurting
  • C) suffer

正解を見る

正解は、A
pained

Q8. As with many accused men, he said he should be ( ) innocent until proven guilty.

  • A) presumed
  • B) guess
  • C) belief

正解を見る

正解は、A
presumed

Q9. But I think it’s time that we balance giving the accused the ( ) of the doubt with giving victims the benefit of our belief.

  • A) skeptical
  • B) benefit
  • C) interest

正解を見る

正解は、B
benefit

Speaking practice

Q1. Have you ever experienced harassment before? Please explain.※この問題に解答はありません

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