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  • 2018.11.9
  • National news
  • 上級

Japan, China drawing closer amid trade pressure from US

安倍首相訪中、協力強調

英文を見る

Shared trade friction with the U.S. appears to be drawing Japan and China closer, with Chinese President Xi Jinping telling Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Oct. 26 in Beijing that the two countries are “sharing more common interests and concerns.”

China-Japan relations have undergone turbulence but are now “back to a normal track,” Xi told Abe during the first formal visit to Beijing by a Japanese leader in nearly seven years.

China is in the midst of a tit-for-tat trade war with the U.S., while Japan has been hit by the U.S. raising tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum.

That seems to be prompting both countries to look for alternative markets and cooperate on foreign investments where their interests converge, despite their long-standing disagreements.

Abe told reporters that, based on a free and fair trade system, “Japan and China need to work together and contribute to what the world in a sense expects of us, toward the peace and stability of the region, and that of the world.” (AP)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

friction
(名)摩擦、衝突、不和
◆trade friction(貿易摩擦)
◆ After Chris was promoted, there was a lot of friction between him and Matt.
(クリスが昇進した後、マットの間で衝突することが多かった)

draw
(動)引き寄せる、引き込む
◆draw closer(どんどん近づく)
◆ When you leave for the day, don’t forget to draw the curtains shut.
(帰る時は、カーテンを閉めるのを忘れないで)

turbulence
(名)混乱、動揺
◆ There was a lot of turbulence in the government after the new president was elected.
(新大統領が選出された後、政府内に大きな動揺があった)
☞turbulent(形)乱暴な、激しい

tit-for-tat
(形)仕返しの、報復の、腹いせの
◆tit-for-tat trade war(報復的貿易戦争)
◆ The baseball game was tied and the end of the 9th inning, as both teams scored tit-for-tat.
(野球の試合は同点で9回を迎え、両チームともに点を入れあった)

tariff
(名)関税
(動)-に関税を課す
◆raise tariffs on …(~への関税を引き上げる)
◆There is a large tariff on Jim’s favorite brand of cigars.
(ジムお気に入りのタバコの銘柄は関税が高い)

alternative
(形)代わりの、別の
(名)代替手段、選択し、オプション
◆alternative market(代替市場)
◆The only other alternative to selling the company is filing bankruptcy.
(会社の売却以外の唯一の手段は、破産申請することだ)

converge
(動)集中する、向かう
◆ After the election results were announced, the media converged on the capital building.
(選挙結果が発表された後、メディアは本拠地の建物に集結した)
☞convergence(名)集中性、収束

stability
(名)安定性、確実性
◆stability of the region(地域の安定)
◆ Kevin hoped that his new job would offer his family more financial stability.
(ケヴィンは、新しい仕事が家族により多くの財政的な安定をもたらすことを期待した)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. What is drawing China and Japan closer together?

  • A) Shared trade problems with the US.
  • B) Shared tourist problems.
  • C) The 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Shared trade problems with the US.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. Shared trade ( ① ) with the U.S. appears to be ( ② ) Japan and China closer, with Chinese President Xi Jinping telling Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Oct. 26 in Beijing that the two countries are “sharing more common interests and concerns.”

  • A) fiction
  • B) non-fiction
  • C) friction

    • D) drawing
    • E) lottery
    • F) winner

    正解を見る

    ①の正解は、C
    friction

    ②の正解は、D
    drawing

    Q2. China-Japan relations have undergone ( ) but are now “back to a normal track,” Xi told Abe during the first formal visit to Beijing by a Japanese leader in nearly seven years.

    • A) ambulance
    • B) innocence
    • C) turbulence

    正解を見る

    正解は、B
    turbulence

    Q3. China is in the midst of a ( ① ) trade war with the U.S., while Japan has been hit by the U.S. raising ( ② ) on imports of steel and aluminum.

    • A) tic-tac-toe
    • B) tick-tock
    • C) tit-for-tat

      • D) sheriffs
      • E) bailiffs
      • F) tariffs

      正解を見る

      ①の正解は、C
      tit-for-tat

      ②の正解は、F
      tariffs

      Q4. That seems to be prompting both countries to look for ( ① ) markets and cooperate on foreign investments where their interests ( ② ) , despite their long-standing disagreements.

      • A) alternative
      • B) imaginative
      • C) competitive

        • D) converge
        • E) converse
        • F) conduit

        正解を見る

        ①の正解は、A
        alternative

        ②の正解は、D
        converge

        Q5. Abe told reporters that, based on a free and fair trade system, “Japan and China need to work together and contribute to what the world in a sense expects of us, toward the peace and ( ) of the region, and that of the world.”

        • A) family
        • B) enjoy
        • C) stability

        正解を見る

        正解は、C
        stability

        Speaking practice

        Q1. How do you feel about the relationship between Japan and China improving? Please explain. ※この問題に解答はありません

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