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  • 2018.11.16
  • Travel
  • 中&上級

Nicosia (Cyprus)

キプロスの首都 ニコシア

キプロスの首都ニコシア© Getty Images

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Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, may be the world’s last divided city, and a fascinating place to see how war cuts through a nation.

In 1974, Greeks on the island of Cyprus staged a coup to unite the island with Greece. In response, Turkey invaded, capturing the northern part of Cyprus. Greek and Turkish Cypriots quickly moved to opposite sides of the island. To this day, they are separated by the Green Line, a buffer zone that cuts through Nicosia and is maintained by the United Nations. Most tourism is on the Greek side, to the south of the line.

Head to the Shacolas Tower to get the lay of the land from its 11th floor. Pop into the museum to learn about the city’s history.

Then walk to the Byzantine Museum to see its awesome collection of religious icons from the ninth to the 19th centuries. Within an easy walk is the Archbishop’s Palace, the Cyprus Folk Art Museum with its sun-kissed white courtyard, and the Modern Art Museum, whose entrance is a haunting symbol of the way the island lives in stability and chaos.

Enjoy a Turkish bath at Hamam Omerye, where you will be pampered as the steam gives your skin a healthy glow.

Now cross over into the Turkish area, North Nicosia, and you’ll feel like you’ve crossed into Turkey – even though no other country recognizes North Nicosia as a country. The Ledra Street Crossing is pleasant, with plenty of places to taste Turkish cuisine. But a walk along the Turkish side of the Green Line is the real eye-opener. Many buildings are still empty, a sign of the war that divided Cyprus. (T)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

divided
(形)分割された、分裂する
◆Medical experts are divided on whether the new drug works well or not.
(医療関係者は、新薬がうまく機能するかどうかで意見が分かれた)
☞divide(動)?に別れる、分割する

coup
(名)政変、クーデター
◆stage a coup(クーデターを仕組む)
◆The coup attempt failed, and the rebel leaders were arrested and sent to prison.
(クーデターの試みは失敗し、反乱軍の指導者たちは逮捕され刑務所に送られた)

capture
(動)占拠する、~を攻略する
(名)捕獲、捕虜
◆In the past, two countries engaged in battle in an attempt to capture that island.
(かつて2つの国がその島を占拠するために戦闘を繰り広げていた)
☞recapture(動)奪い返す (名)奪還、回復

buffer
(名)緩衝となるもの、緩衝材
(動)和らげる、中和する
◆buffer zone(緩衝地帯)
◆The thick walls of my apartment act as a good buffer from the sounds of the trains passing nearby.
(私のアパートの厚い壁は、近くを通過する列車の騒音の緩衝材としてうまく機能している)

religious
(形)神聖な、宗教的な
◆I’m not allowed to drink alcohol due to my religious beliefs.
(宗教的信念により、私はアルコールを飲むことが許されていない)
☞religion(名)宗教、信仰、儀式

sun-kissed
(形)日当たりの良い
◆It’s really nice to go on vacation to a tropical location and relax on the sun-kissed beaches.
(熱帯地域で休暇を過ごし、日当たりの良いビーチでゆっくりするのはとても素敵なことだ)

pamper
(動)満足させる、気ままにさせる
◆be pampered by one’s parent(親に甘やかされる)
◆You can tell from its high reviews that this hotel really pampers its guests.
(このホテルが本当にお客様を満足させているか、評価の高さで判断できる)

cuisine
(名)料理、食事
◆I enjoy traveling to different countries to try out the local cuisine.
(郷土料理を試すため、私はいろいろな国への旅行を楽しんでいる)

eye-opener
(名)目を見張るもの、意外なこと
◆be a real eye-opener(とても驚く)
◆The president’s speech was a real eye-opener for us and was very motivational.
(大統領の演説はとても驚くもので、非常にやる気が起きた)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. Where in Nicosia can you see an awesome collection of religious icons?

  • A) The Cyprus Folk Art Museum.
  • B) The Byzantine Museum.
  • C) The Modern Art Museum.

正解を見る

正解は、B
The Byzantine Museum.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, may be the world's last ( ) city, and a fascinating place to see how war cuts through a nation.

  • A) separation
  • B) divided
  • C) isolating

正解を見る

正解は、B
divided

Q2. In 1974, Greeks on the island of Cyprus staged a ( ) to unite the island with Greece.

  • A) play
  • B) comeback
  • C) coup

正解を見る

正解は、C
coup

Q3. Turkey invaded, ( ) the northern part of Cyprus.

  • A) comforting
  • B) calling
  • C) capturing

正解を見る

正解は、C
capturing

Q4. To this day, they are separated by the Green Line, a ( ) zone that cuts through Nicosia and is maintained by the United Nations. Most tourism is on the Greek side, to the south of the line.

  • A) buffer
  • B) time
  • C) shielding

正解を見る

正解は、A
buffer

Q5. Then walk to the Byzantine Museum to see its awesome collection of ( ) icons from the ninth to the 19th centuries.

  • A) respect
  • B) revealed
  • C) religious

正解を見る

正解は、C
religious

Q6. Within an easy walk is the Archbishop's Palace, the Cyprus Folk Art Museum with its ( ) white courtyard, and the Modern Art Museum, whose entrance is a haunting symbol of the way the island lives in stability and chaos.

  • A) sun-dried
  • B) suntan
  • C) sun-kissed

正解を見る

正解は、C
sun-kissed

Q7. Enjoy a Turkish bath at Hamam Omerye, where you will be ( ) as the steam gives your skin a healthy glow.

  • A) pauper
  • B) pampered
  • C) prepare

正解を見る

正解は、B
pampered

Q8. The Ledra Street Crossing is pleasant, with plenty of places to taste Turkish ( ) .

  • A) cooks
  • B) tradition
  • C) cuisine

正解を見る

正解は、C
cuisine

Speaking practice

Q1. What would you like to do if you were to visit Nicosia? Please explain.※この問題に解答はありません

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