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  • 2019.2.15
  • Travel
  • 中&上級

Dunhuang (China)

中国・敦煌

中国・敦煌© Getty Images

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In antiquity, when the Silk Road ran to China’s doorstep, Dunhuang in Gansu province was a flourishing center for trade. Today, almost 200,000 people live here in an oasis in the Gobi Desert. It’s one of the most magical travel destinations in the country.

The top attraction is the Mogao Caves, a sprawling complex of close to 500 caves. Dating from the fourth century, the caves hold the most stunning cultural collection of its kind, including colorful wall paintings, statues of Buddhas and rolls of manuscripts found in the so-called Library Cave. Sadly, thousands of the 50,000 manuscripts and items were sold and taken outside China, including the Diamond Sutra, one of the world’s oldest printed books. Some 40 of the caves are open to tourists, including the Library Cave and No.148 with its sleeping Buddha.

Not far away is Crescent Lake, named after its shape. Sandwiched between two huge sand dunes, the lake has survived centuries of winds blowing sand off the dunes. The pagoda on the lake’s southern shore makes for a striking photo when the sun is low.

Climb the dune behind the pagoda to go sand surfing or simply enjoy a great view of the lake and other tourists riding in camel trains. The best view, though, is from an ultralight plane.

Head west into the desert to see windswept rock formations in Yardang National Geopark and the ruins of Yumen Pass, once a part of the Great Wall that the Silk Road ran through.

Back in Dunhuang, visit the night market for spicy noodles and apricot peel water. (T)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

flourishing
(形)景気がいい、盛大な
◆flourishing trade(盛んな貿易)
◆Joan was relieved to see that her daughter was flourishing at her new school.
(ジョアンは娘が新しい学校で活躍している姿を見て安心した)
☞flourishingly(副)繁盛して、活躍して

sprawling
(形)広大な
◆sprawling land(広大な土地)
◆The sprawling, early 19th century mansion was the house of Kim’s dreams.
(広々とした19世紀初頭の大邸宅は、キムのあこがれの家だった)

so-called
(形)いわゆる
◆Mark is a so-called expert on ancient Egypt, but he’s not as knowledgeable as he thinks.
(マークは古代エジプトのエキスパートと言われているが、彼が思っているほど博識ではない)

dune
(名)砂丘
◆In the summer, they like to have picnics on the sand dunes by the sea.
(彼らは夏に海辺の砂丘でピクニックをするのが好きだ)

striking
(形)印象的な、著しい
◆striking economic growth(著しい経済成長)
◆There was a striking difference between the way the lower class and the upper class lived during the medieval ages.
(中世の時代には下層階級と上流階級の暮らし方には大きな違いがあった)
☞strikingly(副)著しく、目立って

ruin
(名)(通常複数形で)遺跡、旧跡 
(動)~を荒廃させる、破滅する
◆In some places around the world, you can still see the ruins of ancient civilizations.
(世界のいくつかの場所では、まだ古代文明の遺跡を見ることができる)

peel
(名)(果物などの)皮
(動)皮をむく
◆In the US, people usually eat grapes with the peel on.
(アメリカでは、たいてい皮ごとブドウを食べる)
☞peeler(名)皮むき器

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. During ancient times, what did people come to Dunhuang to do?

  • A) Trade their goods.
  • B) Eat famous foods.
  • C) Visit a temple.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Trade their goods.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. In antiquity, when the Silk Road ran to China’s doorstep, Dunhuang in Gansu province was a ( ) center for trade.

  • A) flourishing
  • B) refreshing
  • C) nourishing

正解を見る

正解は、A
flourishing

Q2. The top attraction is the Mogao Caves, a ( ) complex of close to 500 caves.

  • A) scowling
  • B) bowling
  • C) sprawling

正解を見る

正解は、C
sprawling

Q3. Dating from the fourth century, the caves hold the most stunning cultural collection of its kind, including colorful wall paintings, statues of Buddhas and rolls of manuscripts found in the ( ) Library Cave.

  • A) low-frequency
  • B) so-called
  • C) in-between

正解を見る

正解は、B
so-called

Q4. Sandwiched between two huge sand ( ), the lake has survived centuries of winds blowing sand off the dunes.

  • A) tunes
  • B) moons
  • C) dunes

正解を見る

正解は、C
dunes

Q5. The pagoda on the lake’s southern shore makes for a ( ) photo when the sun is low.

  • A) hiking
  • B) striking
  • C) gawking

正解を見る

正解は、B
striking

Q6. Head west into the desert to see windswept rock formations in Yardang National Geopark and the ( ) of Yumen Pass, once a part of the Great Wall that the Silk Road ran through.

  • A) banes
  • B) ruins
  • C) vines

正解を見る

正解は、B
ruins

Q7. Back in Dunhuang, visit the night market for spicy noodles and apricot ( ) water.

  • A) peel
  • B) heel
  • C) steel

正解を見る

正解は、A
peel

Speaking practice

Q1. What is the area you live in famous for? What would you recommend to tourists? Please explain. ※この問題に解答はありません

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