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  • 2018.10.19
  • World news
  • 上級

Nobel Peace Prize winner Murad urges world to fight genocide

ノーベル平和賞授賞のムラド氏、「被害者の代弁者続ける」

英文を見る

A co-winner of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize called Oct. 8 for a global fight against genocide and sexual violence, pledging to be a voice for victims around the world.

Iraqi Nadia Murad said in her first news conference since accepting the award that she feels obligated to use her voice to defend the rights of persecuted people.

“We must work together to put an end to genocide, hold accountable those who commit these crimes and achieve justice for the victims,” Murad told a packed room at the National Press Club in Washington.

The 25-year-old Murad was among thousands of women and girls from the Yazidi minority who were kidnapped and enslaved in 2014 by the group that calls itself the Islamic State. The Yazidis are an ancient religious minority who trace their roots to a number of small villages in a remote part of northern Iraq.

Murad was awarded the peace prize Oct. 5 along with Congo’s Denis Mukwege, a gynecologist who treats female victims of sexual violence. (AP)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

genocide
(名)大虐殺、集団虐殺
◆commit genocide(大虐殺を行う)
◆Hitler commanded his military to commit genocide on the Jewish people.
(ヒトラーは軍にユダヤ人の虐殺を命じた)

pledge
(動)誓約する、保証する
◆pledge to(~することを約束する)
◆The candidate for governor pledged to lower taxes if he were elected.
(知事候補者は、選出されたら税金を引き下げると約束した)

persecute
(動)~を迫害する(人)を苦しめる
◆persecuted people(迫害された人々)
◆Christians in Japan in the 17th century were often persecuted for having different beliefs.
(日本のキリスト教徒は17世紀、異なる信仰を持っていることでしばしば迫害を受けた)

accountable
(形)責任がある、説明できる
◆hold accountable(責任を負う)
◆The dog’s owner was held accountable for his dog attacking the child.
(その犬の飼い主は、犬が子供を襲ったことの責任を負った)

enslave
(動)-を奴隷にする
◆Many people were enslaved by the enemy during the war.
(戦争中、敵によって多くの人が奴隷にされた)
☞enslaved(形)奴隷となった、奴隷にされた

trace
(動)たどる、探し出す、明らかにする
(名)足跡、手がかり、証拠
◆trace someone’s roots([人]のルーツをたどる)
◆I can trace my family history back seven generations.
(私は7世代前まで家族のルーツをたどることができる)

award
(動)[賞などを]与える、授与する
(名)賞、賞品
◆be awarded the peace prize(平和賞を受賞する)
◆Natalie was awarded a prize for giving the best speech at the contest.
(ナタリーはコンテストで最高のスピーチをして賞をもらった)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. What does Murad want to put an end to?

  • A) Genocide.
  • B) Slavery.
  • C) Sexual violence.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Genocide.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. A co-winner of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize called Oct. 8 for a global fight against ( ① ) and sexual violence, ( ② ) to be a voice for victims around the world.

  • A) grotesque
  • B) genocide
  • C) generous

    • D) parking
    • E) participate
    • F) pledging

    正解を見る

    ①の正解は、B
    genocide

    ②の正解は、F
    pledging

    Q2. Iraqi Nadia Murad said in her first news conference since accepting the award that she feels obligated to use her voice to defend the rights of ( ) people.

    • A) persecuted
    • B) politician
    • C) persevere

    正解を見る

    正解は、A
    persecuted

    Q3. “We must work together to put an end to genocide, hold ( ) those who commit these crimes and achieve justice for the victims,” Murad told a packed room at the National Press Club in Washington.

    • A) application
    • B) allowable
    • C) accountable

    正解を見る

    正解は、C
    accountable

    Q4. The 25-year-old Murad was among thousands of women and girls from the Yazidi minority who were kidnapped and ( ) in 2014 by the group that calls itself the Islamic State.

    • A) escape
    • B) enslaved
    • C) endearing

    正解を見る

    正解は、B
    enslaved

    Q5. The Yazidis are an ancient religious minority who ( ) their roots to a number of small villages in a remote part of northern Iraq.

    • A) trap
    • B) train
    • C) trace

    正解を見る

    正解は、C
    trace

    Q6. Murad was ( ) the peace prize Oct. 5 along with Congo’s Denis Mukwege, a gynecologist who treats female victims of sexual violence.

    • A) alternated
    • B) accepted
    • C) awarded

    正解を見る

    正解は、C
    awarded

    Speaking practice

    Q1. How do you feel about Nadia Murad being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize? Explain.※この問題に解答はありません

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