Club Alpha

どなたでも会員登録なしでClub Alphaを利用できるキャンペーン実施中

  • 2018.12.14
  • World news
  • 上級

‘Yellow vest’ protesters knock wind out of French businesses, economy

「黄色いベスト」デモ、フランス経済に影響

英文を見る

Three weeks of “yellow vest” protests have hit the French economy hard, with trade in shops, hotels and restaurants falling significantly, Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said Dec. 3.

Speaking after a meeting with industry groups and business federations affected by the protest movement, Le Maire said sector revenues had been hit by between 15 and 50 percent.

While not providing a precise breakdown, Le Maire said small retailers had seen a fall in revenue of between 20 and 40 percent, and the hotel industry was seeing reservations down 15 to 25 percent.

Restaurants, depending on their location, had seen takings collapse by between 20 and 50 percent.

“The impact is severe and ongoing,” Le Maire said, emphasizing it was nationwide, although Paris, after riots and looting in some of its most upmarket districts on Dec. 1, was particularly affected.

The movement began Nov. 17 as a social-media-planned protest against fuel-tax rises, but has become an uprising against President Emmanuel Macron. (Reuters)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

significantly
(副)大いに、著しく
◆When Kyle started exercising regularly and eating right, his health improved significantly.
(カイルが定期的に運動して正しく食事をとり始めると、健康状態が大幅に改善された)
☞significant(形)大幅な、かなりの

federation
(名)連合、連盟
◆The regional labor union joined a national federation to ensure better pay and benefits for its members.
(地方労働組合は組合員の給与と福祉手当を向上させるため、全国連合に加盟した)
☞federal(形)連邦の (名)連邦主義者

revenue
(名)収益、収入
◆The majority of our company’s revenue comes from online advertising.
(弊社の収益の大半はオンライン広告からだ)
⇔expenditure(名)支出、出費

retailer
(名)小売業者
◆ABC Apparel has had a long history as a retailer of both men’s and women’s clothing.
(ABCアパレルは、紳士・女性服の小売業者として長い歴史がある)
☞retail(動)~を小売りする (形)小売商の (副)小売で

collapse
(名)崩壊、破綻、暴落、急減
(動)崩壊する、倒壊する、つぶれる
◆The stock price of that company suddenly collapsed after its new product announcement was received poorly by critics.
(その会社の株価は新製品の発表が批評家からあまり評価されなかったことで急落した)

loot
(動)略奪する、盗む
(名)略奪品、盗品、不正利得
◆Many stores were broken into and looted during the riot.
(多くの店が暴動中に壊され略奪された)

protest
(動)~に抗議する、反抗する
(名)講義、意義、反対
◆protest against(~に対する抗議)
◆There were many people holding signs who protested in front of the city hall.
(市庁舎の前には抗議の看板を持っている人が大勢いた)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. What kinds of protests are hitting the French economy hard?

  • A) Yellow vest protests.
  • B) Orange vest protests.
  • C) Red vest protests.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Yellow vest protests.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. Three weeks of “yellow vest” protests have hit the French economy hard, with trade in shops, hotels and restaurants falling ( ), Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said Dec. 3.

  • A) sorrowfully
  • B) surprising
  • C) significantly

正解を見る

正解は、C
significantly

Q2. Speaking after a meeting with industry groups and business ( ① ) affected by the protest movement, Le Maire said sector ( ② ) had been hit by between 15 and 50 percent.

  • A) fictions
  • B) federations
  • C) functions

    • D) revenues
    • E) money
    • F) payments

    正解を見る

    ①の正解は、B
    federations

    ②の正解は、D
    revenues

    Q3. While not providing a precise breakdown, Le Maire said small ( ) had seen a fall in revenue of between 20 and 40 percent, and the hotel industry was seeing reservations down 15 to 25 percent.

    • A) retailers
    • B) shopping
    • C) customers

    正解を見る

    正解は、A
    retailers

    Q4. Restaurants, depending on their location, had seen takings ( ) by between 20 and 50 percent.

    • A) clasp
    • B) collaborate
    • C) collapse

    正解を見る

    正解は、C
    collapse

    Q5. “The impact is severe and ongoing,” Le Maire said, emphasizing it was nationwide, although Paris, after riots and ( ) in some of its most upmarket districts on Dec. 1, was particularly affected.

    • A) loving
    • B) looting
    • C) lending

    正解を見る

    正解は、B
    looting

    Q6. The movement began Nov. 17 as a social-media-planned ( ) against fuel-tax rises, but has become an uprising against President Emmanuel Macron.

    • A) parties
    • B) protest
    • C) promotes

    正解を見る

    正解は、B
    protest

    Speaking practice

    QuestionDo you think the French economy and businesses will recover soon? Why or why not?※この問題に解答はありません

    リスニング&インプット
    一覧へ戻る