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  • 2019.1.11
  • World news
  • 上級

After Mattis’ exit, attention turns to acting defense secretary, search for replacement

マティス米国防長官辞任で後任人事は?

英文を見る

In the aftermath of the resignation of U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis on Dec. 20, attention has turned to Patrick Shanahan, who was set to become acting defense secretary on Jan. 1, as well as the search for a permanent replacement.
The 56-year-old Shanahan was elevated to the acting role by U.S. President Donald Trump on Dec. 23 via Twitter. Shanahan has little experience in international affairs, having worked for Boeing Co. for more than three decades, where he rose to a senior vice president position before he became Pentagon deputy in July 2017.
Whoever is chosen as Mattis’ permanent replacement will almost certainly face sharp questioning by Congress about the administration’s murky foreign policy.
Mattis’ resignation letter outlined his belief that the U.S. cannot protect its interests without “showing respect to (U.S.) allies.”
“Because you have the right to have a Secretary of Defense whose views are better aligned with yours on these and other subjects, I believe it is right for me to step down,” the letter read. (AP)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

aftermath
(名)影響、波、後遺症
◆in the aftermath of …(~の余波で、~の結果、~に続いて)
◆During the aftermath of the big earthquake, people were gathered in the elementary school gymnasium.
(大地震の余震がある間、人々は小学校の体育館に集められた)

elevate
(動)持ち上げる、昇進させる
◆be elevated to …(~に昇進する)
◆Kevin was elevated to the committee chairperson after Mary resigned.
(メアリーが辞任した後、ケビンは委員長に昇格した)

affair
(名)出来事、事件、業務
◆international affairs(国際情勢)
◆Brenda spends all of her time putting her job affairs in order for her retirement.
(ブレンダは退職に向け、自分の業務を整理することにすべての時間を費やしている)

murky
(形)見通せない、曖昧な、はっきりしない
◆The weather will be murky all week. It’s supposed to rain every day.
(天気は一週間ずっと、はっきりしないでしょう。 毎日雨が降るはずです)

ally
(名)同盟国、支持者
(動)国と同盟する
◆Mason knew he could count on Josh as an important ally.
(メイソンはジョシュを大切な味方として頼りにできるとわかっていた)

align
(動)提携する、調整されている、一列に並ぶ
◆be aligned with(~に足並みをそろえる)
◆In business, we try to align ourselves with companies who share our interests.
(ビジネスでは、関心を共有する会社と提携するようにする)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. Why has attention turned to Patrick Shanahan?

  • A) Because Jim Mattis resigned.
  • B) Because he won a prize.
  • C) Because he was elected.

正解を見る

正解は、A
Because Jim Mattis resigned.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. In the ( ) of the resignation of U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis on Dec. 20, attention has turned to Patrick Shanahan, who was set to become acting defense secretary on Jan. 1, as well as the search for a permanent replacement.

  • A) aftermath
  • B) afterglow
  • C) afterimage

正解を見る

正解は、A
aftermath

Q2. The 56-year-old Shanahan was ( ) to the acting role by U.S. President Donald Trump on Dec. 23 via Twitter.

  • A) elected
  • B) elevated
  • C) elegant

正解を見る

正解は、B
elevated

Q3. Shanahan has little experience in international ( ) , having worked for Boeing Co. for more than three decades, where he rose to a senior vice president position before he became Pentagon deputy in July 2017.

  • A) affairs
  • B) afraid
  • C) afford

正解を見る

正解は、A
affairs

Q4. Whoever is chosen as Mattis’ permanent replacement will almost certainly face sharp questioning by Congress about the administration’s ( ) foreign policy.

  • A) murky
  • B) lucky
  • C) leaky

正解を見る

正解は、A
murky

Q5. Mattis’ resignation letter outlined his belief that the U.S. cannot protect its interests without “showing respect to (U.S.) ( ).”

  • A) armies
  • B) allies
  • C) alumni

正解を見る

正解は、B
allies

Q6. “Because you have the right to have a Secretary of Defense whose views are better ( ) with yours on these and other subjects, I believe it is right for me to step down,” the letter read.

  • A) assigned
  • B) absorbed
  • C) aligned

正解を見る

正解は、C
aligned

Speaking practice

Question Have you ever filled in for a job until the position was filled? If not, would you? Please explain. ※この問題に解答はありません

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