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  • 2019.2.8
  • World news
  • 上級

Venezuela’s Maduro oversees shooting of hill to show military’s loyalty to him

政情不安のベネズエラ、マドゥロ大統領は軍の忠誠を誇示

英文を見る

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro oversaw a display of the army’s Russian hardware on Jan. 27, with anti-aircraft guns and tanks firing a hillside to show military force and loyalty in the face of an international ultimatum for new elections.

Maduro, 56, is confronting an unprecedented challenge to his authority after opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself interim president, citing a fraudulent election. Guaido has won wide international support and offers amnesty to soldiers who join him.

On Jan. 27, Israel and Australia joined the countries backing the 35-year-old leader, and President Donald Trump’s administration said it had accepted Venezuelan opposition figure Carlos Alfredo Vecchio as the country’s diplomatic representative in the U.S.

In return, Maduro said the military display showed the world he had the backing of the military.

“Nobody respects the weak, cowards, traitors. In this world, what’s respected is the brave, the courageous, power,” Maduro said. (Reuters)

重要ボキャブラリーを見る

oversee
(動)監督する、監視する
◆oversee someone’s activity(…の活動を監視する)
◆John was really excited to oversee the new marketing project.
(ジョンは新しいマーケティングプロジェクトを監督することで非常に興奮していた)

ultimatum
(名)最後通告、最後の言葉
◆Miranda gave Ben an ultimatum to stop drinking or move out.
(ミランダはベンに飲酒をやめるか退去するかの最終通告をした)
☞複数形はultimataまたはultimatums

unprecedented
(形)前例のない、空前の
◆unprecedented challenge(かつてない難問)
◆The size of the new ABC building was unprecedented in this history of the company.
(新しいABCビルの大きさは、この会社の歴史の中で前例のないものだった)

interim
(形)暫定の、臨時の
(名)仮協定、暫定措置、しばらくの間
◆interim president(暫定大統領)
◆While Nancy is on maternity leave, Kim will be the interim office manager.
(ナンシーの出産休暇中、キムが暫定的に業務マネージャーになる)

amnesty
(名)恩赦、執行停止期間
◆offer someone an amnesty(…に大赦を与える)
◆The President was unable to offer amnesty to anyone taken prisoner during the war.
(大統領は戦争中、捕虜になった人に恩赦を与えられなかった)

administration
(名)政権、陣営
◆As head secretary, Sharon’s main job was the daily administration of the office staff.
(事務局長としてのシャロンの主な仕事は、オフィスのスタッフの毎日の管理だった)
☞administer(動)管理する、運営する

backing
(名)後援、支援、支持者
◆the backing of …(…の支持)
◆The high school received federal backing to fund construction of a new gymnasium.
(その高校は新しい体育館の建設資金を調達するため、連邦政府の支援を受けた)

traitor
(名)裏切り者、内通者、反逆者
◆Matt felt like a traitor to his old company when he accepted a new position to work for a known rival.
(ライバル社で新しい職を得て、マットは彼らの古い会社への裏切り者のように感じた)

和訳を見る

Listening Comprehension Check

Q1. What did Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro do on January 27?

  • A) He oversaw a display of the army’s Russian hardware.
  • B) He held a meeting with the Russian president.
  • C) He invited the opposition leader to a meeting.

正解を見る

正解は、A
He oversaw a display of the army’s Russian hardware.

Vocabulary Review Quiz

Q1. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro ( ① ) a display of the army’s Russian hardware on Jan. 27, with anti-aircraft guns and tanks firing a hillside to show military force and loyalty in the face of an international ( ② ) for new elections.

  • A) see-saw
  • B) oversaw
  • C) overlook

    • D) ultimate
    • E) ultra
    • F) ultimatum

    正解を見る

    ①の正解は、 B
    oversaw

    ②の正解は、F
    ultimatum

    Q2. Maduro, 56, is confronting an ( ① ) challenge to his authority after opposition leader Juan Guaido declared himself ( ② ) president, citing a fraudulent election.

    • A) unprecedented
    • B) undressed
    • C) unprofitable

      • D) interim
      • E) inside
      • F) introduce

      正解を見る

      ①の正解は、 A
      unprecedented

      ②の正解は、D
      interim

      Q3. Guaido has won wide international support and offers ( ) to soldiers who join him.

      • A) ambience
      • B) atrocity
      • C) amnesty

      正解を見る

      正解は、C
      amnesty

      Q4. On Jan. 27, Israel and Australia joined the countries backing the 35-year-old leader, and President Donald Trump’s ( ) said it had accepted Venezuelan opposition figure Carlos Alfredo Vecchio as the country’s diplomatic representative in the U.S.

      • A) production
      • B) administration
      • C) creation

      正解を見る

      正解は、B
      administration

      Q5. In return, Maduro said the military display showed the world he had the ( ) of the military.

      • A) hacking
      • B) cracking
      • C) backing

      正解を見る

      正解は、C
      backing

      Q6. “Nobody respects the weak, cowards, ( ). In this world, what’s respected is the brave, the courageous, power,” Maduro said.

      • A) traitors
      • B) exhibitors
      • C) directors

      正解を見る

      正解は、A
      traitors

      Speaking practice

      Q1. Do you agree with Maduro on what is respected in the world? Why or why not? Please explain.※この問題に解答はありません

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