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英会話イーオン Presents Ian先生のやさしい Grammar Lesson

2018.09.14 Issue:The imperative mood

Today, let’s look at how we use the imperative mood. The imperative mood is used to give commands and requests in English. To form the imperative mood, we use the following structure: verb + object/complement.

・Turn off the TV and go to bed.
・Come here.
・Be quiet.
・Hand me that towel.

 

For negative imperatives, we add “do not” or “don’t” before the verb.

・Do not bring food or drinks into the library.
・Do not smoke in this building.
・Don’t forget your homework tomorrow.

 

The subject of an imperative sentence is always “you,” so you don’t have to say “you.” However, sometimes we say “you” to be more direct.

・You take it easy and relax! You’ve had a hard day.

 

There are many uses for the imperative mood.

・Instructions: First, push this button. Next, enter the password.
・Commands: Clean up this mess right now!
・Suggestions: Get some rest and feel better.
・Offers: Have another piece of cake.
・Advice: Exercise every day if you want to lose weight.

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Ian Fogelman
イアン・フォゲルマン

英会話イーオン東京本社教務課コーディネーター。イーオン教師のトレーニングや英語セミナーを企画制作するカリスマ教師として活躍中。カリフォルニア大学バークレー校卒業。趣味は読書、料理、クラフトワーク。

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