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英会話イーオン Presents Ian先生のやさしい Grammar Lesson

2018.11.23 Issue:Referential ‘there’ and ‘it’

In our last article, we looked at “there” and “it” as dummy subjects. In today’s article, we’ll look at “there” and “it” when they are used to refer to something that was already mentioned.
“There” is an adverb. “There” means “in/on/at/to that place.” We use “there” to refer to a place we already mentioned.

I’m not going to the office today, but I am going there tomorrow.
・I’m using that chair, so please don’t sit there.
・A: I went to the supermarket this morning.
 B: What did you buy there?

 

We can also use “there” when the speaker and listener both know the place being referred to.

・Please put your suitcase over there.
・My friend is the guy in the red shirt standing there.

 

“There” can also be used to refer to a point in a conversation or process.

・I know we haven’t finished this discussion, but let’s stop there for now.
・I’m saving money for a new car, but I’m not quite there yet.

 

“It” is a pronoun. We use it to refer to an object, animal or other thing that was already mentioned.

・I just finished my report. I was working on it all day yesterday.
・My dog is at the groomers today. It is getting a bath.
・The library is closed today, but it will be open tomorrow.
 

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Ian Fogelman
イアン・フォゲルマン

英会話イーオン東京本社教務課コーディネーター。イーオン教師のトレーニングや英語セミナーを企画制作するカリスマ教師として活躍中。カリフォルニア大学バークレー校卒業。趣味は読書、料理、クラフトワーク。

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