In our last article, we looked at “there” and “it” as dummy subjects. In today’s article, we’ll look at “there” and “it” when they are used to refer to something that was already mentioned.
“There” is an adverb. “There” means “in/on/at/to that place.” We use “there” to refer to a place we already mentioned.
・I’m using that chair, so please don’t sit there.
・A: I went to the supermarket this morning.
B: What did you buy there?
We can also use “there” when the speaker and listener both know the place being referred to.
・My friend is the guy in the red shirt standing there.
“There” can also be used to refer to a point in a conversation or process.
・I’m saving money for a new car, but I’m not quite there yet.
“It” is a pronoun. We use it to refer to an object, animal or other thing that was already mentioned.
・My dog is at the groomers today. It is getting a bath.
・The library is closed today, but it will be open tomorrow.