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英会話イーオン Presents Ian先生のやさしい Grammar Lesson

2019.1.25 Issue:‘Reflexive Pronouns’

A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that ends in -self or -selves. For singular subjects, we use “myself,” “yourself,” “himself,” “herself” or “itself.” For plural subjects, we use “ourselves,” “yourselves” and “themselves.“
We use reflexive pronouns when the object of a verb is the same as the subject of the verb. Compare the following:

Subject and object are different:

・My father gave me a present.
・I gave my father a present.

 

Subject and object are the same:

・My father gave himself a present.
・I gave myself a present.

 

A reflexive pronoun can be a direct object, indirect object or object of a preposition.

・He cut himself while shaving. (direct object)
・They bought themselves a new car. (indirect object)
・She was very proud of herself. (object of a preposition)

 

Today, let’s look at some other uses of reflexive pronouns. A reflexive pronoun can be used to emphasize the subject of the sentence. In these cases, the reflexive pronoun can come after the subject or at the end of the clause.

・The president himself came to my farewell party.
My children baked this cake themselves.

 

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Ian Fogelman
イアン・フォゲルマン

英会話イーオン東京本社教務課コーディネーター。イーオン教師のトレーニングや英語セミナーを企画制作するカリスマ教師として活躍中。カリフォルニア大学バークレー校卒業。趣味は読書、料理、クラフトワーク。

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